Foal Care

Foal Care

Make sure foal is breathing; Dip navel in iodine 7% or iodine and glycerin mixture (50-50); Leave mare and foal alone and undisturbed as much as possible; Foal needs 10% body weight in colostrum (first milk) within 18 hours, normal nursing will provide this if mare has not dripped milk excessively; Commercial enema solution, vitamin A injection, antibiotic injection (may be done by your veterinarian within 12 hours). MARE CARE Fetal membranes passed in 3 hours; Check to see they are complete and save for your veterinarian to examine; Check for tears in vulva tissue and persistent hemorrhage, check mare’s udder for milk; Put out for some exercise each day. BIRTH TO 3 MONTHS (MARE) Nutrition is very important during this time. Nutrition: hay, salt, cal-phos supplement, protein supplement 0.5-1.5 lbs. grain/100 lbs. body weight as needed to maintain condition, minimum grain until after foal heat (may be altered depending upon foal’s development). BIRTH TO 4 MONTHS (FOAL) Exercise: daily turn out with a dry warm place to rest; Immunization: Sleeping sickness, Tetanus, Influenza and Rhino at 2 and 3 months, dewormed at 2 and 4 months. A VETERINARY EXAMINATION AND ROUTINE BLOOD TEST ARE RECOMMENDED THE NEXT DAY IF AN EMERGENCY CALL WAS NOT NECESSARY.